Preamble to the IARC Monographs

B. SCIENTIFIC REVIEW AND EVALUATION

References

Bieler, G.S. & Williams, R.L. (1993) Ratio estimates, the delta method, and quantal response tests for increased carcinogenicity. Biometrics, 49(3), 793-801

Breslow, N.E. & Day, N.E. (1980) Statistical Methods in Cancer Research, Vol. 1, The Analysis of Case-Control Studies (IARC Scientific Publications No. 32), Lyon, IARC

Breslow, N.E. & Day, N.E. (1987) Statistical Methods in Cancer Research, Vol. 2, The Design and Analysis of Cohort Studies (IARC Scientific Publications No. 82), Lyon, IARC

Buffler, P., Rice, J., Baan, R., Bird, M. & Boffetta, P., eds (2004) Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis: Contributions of Molecular Epidemiology (IARC Scientific Publications No. 157), Lyon, IARC

Capen, C.C., Dybing, E., Rice, J.M. & Wilbourn, J.D. (1999) Species Differences in Thyroid, Kidney and Urinary Bladder Carcinogenesis (IARC Scientific Publications No. 147), Lyon, IARC

Cogliano, V.J., Baan, R.A., Straif, K., Grosse, Y., Secretan, M.B., El Ghissassi, F. & Kleihues, P. (2004) The science and practice of carcinogen identification and evaluation. Environmental Health Perspect., 112(13), 1269-1274

Cogliano, V., Baan, R., Straif, K., Grosse, Y., Secretan, B., El Ghissassi, F. & Boyle, P. (2005) Transparency in IARC Monographs. Lancet Oncol., 6(10), 747

Dunson, D.B., Chen, Z. & Harry, J. (2003) A Bayesian approach for joint modeling of cluster size and subunit-specific outcomes. Biometrics, 59(3), 521-30

Fung, K.Y., Krewski, D. & Smythe, R.T. (1996) A comparison of tests for trend with historical controls in carcinogen bioassay. Can. J. Statist., 24, 431-454

Gart, J.J., Krewski, D., Lee, P.N., Tarone, R.E. & Wahrendorf, J. (1986) Statistical Methods in Cancer Research, Vol. 3, The Design and Analysis of Long-term Animal Experiments (IARC Scientific Publications No. 79), Lyon, IARC

Greenland, S. (1998) Meta-analysis. In: Rothman, K.J. & Greenland, S., eds, Modern Epidemiology, Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp. 643-673

Greim, H., Gelbke, H.-P., Reuter, U., Thielmann, H.W. & Edler, L. (2003) Evaluation of historical control data in carcinogenicity studies. Hum. exp. Toxicol., 22, 541-549

Haseman, J.K., Huff, J. & Boorman, G.A. (1984) Use of historical control data in carcinogenicity studies in rodents. Toxicol. Pathol., 12(2), 126-135

Hill, A.B. (1965) The environment and disease: Association or causation? Proc. R. Soc. Med., 58, 295-300

Hoel, D.G., Kaplan, N.L. & Anderson, M.W. (1983) Implication of nonlinear kinetics on risk estimation in carcinogenesis. Science, 219, 1032-1037

Huff, J.E., Eustis, S.L. & Haseman, J.K. (1989) Occurrence and relevance of chemically induced benign neoplasms in long-term carcinogenicity studies. Cancer Metastasis Rev., 8, 1-21

IARC (1977) IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans. Preamble (IARC intern. tech. Rep. No. 77/002)

IARC (1978) Chemicals with Sufficient Evidence of Carcinogenicity in Experimental Animals - IARC Monographs Volumes 1-17 (IARC intern. tech. Rep. No. 78/003)

IARC (1979) Criteria to Select Chemicals for IARC Monographs (IARC intern. tech. Rep. No. 79/003)

IARC (1982) IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans, Suppl. 4, Chemicals, Industrial Processes and Industries Associated with Cancer in Humans (IARC Monographs, Volumes 1 to 29), Lyon, IARC

IARC (1983) Approaches to Classifying Chemical Carcinogens According to Mechanism of Action (IARC intern. tech. Rep. No. 83/001)

IARC (1987) IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Supplement 7, Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity: An Updating of IARC Monographs Volumes 1 to 42, Lyon, IARC

IARC (1988) Report of an IARC Working Group to Review the Approaches and Processes Used to Evaluate the Carcinogenicity of Mixtures and Groups of Chemicals (IARC intern. tech. Rep. No. 88/002)

IARC (1991) A Consensus Report of an IARC Monographs Working Group on the Use of Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis in Risk Identification (IARC intern. tech. Rep. No. 91/002)

IARC (2004) IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Vol. 84, Some Drinking-water Disinfectants and Contaminants, including Arsenic, Lyon, IARC, pp. 39-267

IARC (2005) Report of the Advisory Group to Recommend Updates to the Preamble to the IARC Monographs (IARC Int. Rep. No. 05/001)

IARC (2006) Report of the Advisory Group to Review the Amended Preamble to the IARC Monographs (IARC Int. Rep. No. 06/001)

McGregor, D.B., Rice, J.M. & Venitt, S., eds (1999) The Use of Short- and Medium-term Tests for Carcinogens and Data on Genetic Effects in Carcinogenic Hazard Evaluation (IARC Scientific Publications No. 146), Lyon, IARC

Montesano, R., Bartsch, H., Vainio, H., Wilbourn, J. & Yamasaki, H., eds (1986) Long-term and Short-term Assays for Carcinogenesis-A Critical Appraisal (IARC Scientific Publications No. 83), Lyon, IARC

OECD (2002) Guidance Notes for Analysis and Evaluation of Chronic Toxicity and Carcinogenicity Studies (Series on Testing and Assessment No. 35), Paris, OECD

Peto, R., Pike, M.C., Day, N.E., Gray, R.G., Lee, P.N., Parish, S., Peto, J., Richards, S. & Wahrendorf, J. (1980) Guidelines for simple, sensitive significance tests for carcinogenic effects in long-term animal experiments. In: IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans, Suppl. 2, Long-term and Short-term Screening Assays for Carcinogens: A Critical Appraisal, Lyon, IARC, pp. 311-426

Portier, C.J. & Bailer, A.J. (1989) Testing for increased carcinogenicity using a survival-adjusted quantal response test. Fundam. appl. Toxicol., 12(4), 731-737

Sherman, C.D., Portier, C.J. & Kopp-Schneider, A. (1994) Multistage models of carcinogenesis: an approximation for the size and number distribution of late-stage clones. Risk Anal., 14(6), 1039-1048

Stewart, B.W. & Kleihues, P., eds (2003) World Cancer Report, Lyon, IARC
Tomatis, L., Aitio, A., Wilbourn, J. & Shuker, L. (1989) Human carcinogens so far identified. Jpn. J. Cancer Res., 80, 795-807

Toniolo, P., Boffetta, P., Shuker, D.E.G., Rothman, N., Hulka, B. & Pearce, N., eds (1997) Application of Biomarkers in Cancer Epidemiology (IARC Scientific Publications No. 142), Lyon, IARC

Vainio, H., Magee, P., McGregor, D. & McMichael, A., eds (1992) Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis in Risk Identification (IARC Scientific Publications No. 116), Lyon, IARC

Vainio, H., Wilbourn, J.D., Sasco, A.J., Partensky, C., Gaudin, N., Heseltine, E. & Eragne, I. (1995) [Identification of human carcinogenic risk in IARC Monographs.] Bull. Cancer, 82, 339-348 (in French)

Vineis, P., Malats, N., Lang, M., d'Errico, A., Caporaso, N., Cuzick, J. & Boffetta, P., eds (1999) Metabolic Polymorphisms and Susceptibility to Cancer (IARC Scientific Publications No. 148), Lyon, IARC

Wilbourn, J., Haroun, L., Heseltine, E., Kaldor, J., Partensky, C. & Vainio, H. (1986) Response of experimental animals to human carcinogens: an analysis based upon the IARC Monographs Programme. Carcinogenesis, 7, 1853-1863

Posted 23 January 2006